Letter from Edmund McKinney to Walter Lowrie, July 18, 1844.
Edmund McKinney, missionary in charge of Spencer Academy, describes a conflict over his hiring of a “free man of color,” Oliver Ingles, and his family from Fort Smith, Arkansas, “at very high wages.” According to McKinney, as soon as Choctaw leader Peter Pitchlynn found out about the hiring, he demanded that the man be dismissed from Spencer Academy based on a law in the Choctaw Constitution that forbid free people from residing in the Nation. If Ingles refused to leave, he and his family would be arrested by the light-horsemen force (equivalent to the police in the Choctaw Nation) and sold into enslavement for a year.
McKinney, Edmund. (author)
1844July 18, 1844
Lowrie, Walter, 1784-1868.Pitchlynn, Peter Perkins, 1806-1881.Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma.
Choctaw Indians--Missions--19th century.Presbyterian Church--Missions--United States.
North and Central America
manuscript (8 pages)
RG 224, Box 10, Folder 16, Letter 7; Presbyterian Historical Society, Philadelphia, PA
American Indian Correspondence: the Presbyterian Historical Society Collection of Missionaries' Letters, 1833-1893, 1949-1950.
No known copyright restrictions
Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. In addition, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of gift of purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.