WSB radio broadcast of "Witness," a public affairs program on the Second
Ministers' Manifesto, 1958. In November 1957, after witnessing the school
integration crisis in Little Rock, Arkansas, eighty members of the Atlanta
Christian Council issued a statement of conscience discouraging city
officials and ordinary citizens from pursuing a course of massive resistance
to federal authority. Better known as the "Ministers' Manifesto," the
statement called for moderation, communication between the races, racial
amity, and most importantly, obedience to the law. One year later, after the
Temple bombing in Atlanta aroused new fears of racial extremism, more than
300 ministers issued a second manifesto calling for the creation of a
citizens' commission to debate alternatives to massive resistance. [Cf.
School integration--Arkansas--Little Rock., Civil rights--Georgia--Atlanta., School integration--Massive resistance movement., Clergy--Georgia--Atlanta.